On October 13, 1936, the butterfly was chosen as Cuba’s national flower because its white color represents the purity of the ideals for independence, it’s a symbol of peace, and it’s an element present in the strips of the national flag. The shape of the flowers joined to the central stem also symbolizes the unity of Cubans. According to oral tradition, it is said that during the wars of independence, messages for the Liberation Army were hidden inside these flowers gripped to veils and shawls.
The Tocororo is an indigenous bird from Cuba, with beautiful and eye-catching colors. Its scientific name is Priotelus Temnurus, from the Trogodinae family. It’s the only bird from this family on the island, to which the quetzal, the national bird of Guatemala, belongs.
Called “guatiní” by the Cuban indigenous population, it lives along the country in forest areas, especially in the mountains. It is the national bird for two reasons: its splendid plumage of live colors and resistance to captivity. The green part of its plumage reminds of the Cuban countryside, its chest with white feathers, its red belly and the blue feathers in its head complete the symbolism of the national flag.
The Royal Palm, whose scientific name is Roystonea Regia O.F. Cook, is considered by Cubans as the queen of the countryside due to its majestic structure, its peculiar size, how useful it is, and for being the most numerous tree on the island.
There are 12 recognized species of palm, scattered in South Florida and in the islands of the Antilles to Venezuela. The Royal Palm is just one among the 70 species of indigenous palm trees that embellish the Cuban landscapes. If we add to this around 20 sub-species, we can say that Cuba has more than 100 palm trees and over 90 percent are indigenous of the national territory.