The Cuban flag was raised for the first time in 1850 in the city of Cárdenas by a group of rebels against the Spanish crown.
Three blue strips represent the departments in which the Island was divided at the time. The two white strips evoke the purity of the ideals for independence of the Cuban people. The triangle represents freedom, equality and fraternity. Its red color announces the blood that would have to shed to achieve the independence. The solitary star is a symbol of absolute freedom.
Coat of Arms
The National Coat of Arms has the shape of a pointed adarga. The golden key in the superior area makes reference to the position of Cuba between the two Americas (thus the name "The Key to the Gulf").The sun symbolized the birth of a new State. The three blue strips separated by two white strips represent the departments in which Cuba was divided in colonial times. The royal palm that appears in the third space symbolizes the unbreakable character of Cubans.
The National Anthem was previously called the Bayamo Anthem. Attorney and musician from Bayamo, Pedro Figueredo, composed the melody in 1867, and one year later, on October 20, 1868, when the troops fighting for independence took the city if Bayamo, he wrote the lyrics of what later declared National Anthem.